Indira Gandhi biography in hindi career life politics

  Indira Gandhi biography in hindi

Indira Gandhi biography in hindi bhaarat ki pahli mahilaa prdhaanamantri ke rup men pahchaan rakhne vaali endiraa gaandhi kaa jivan parichay kaaphi rochak hain. unkaa endu se lekar endiraa aur phir prdhaanamantri banne tak kaa saphar naa keval prernaadaayi hain, balki bhaarat men mahilaa sashaktikaran ke etihaas kaa mahatvpurn adhyaay bhi hain. unhonne 1966 se lekar 1977 tak aur 1980 se lekar mriatyu tak desh ke prdhaanamantri kaa padbhaar sambhaalaa thaa.Indira Gandhi biography in hindi)

Indira Gandhi

  • endiraa gaandhi janm aur parivaar (Birth and Family)
  • janmadin (Birth date) 19 navambar 1917
  • janmasthaan (Birth place) elaahbaad,uttar prdesh
  • pitaa (Father) javaaharlaal neharu
  • maataa (Mother) kamlaa neharu
  • pati (Husband) firoj gaandhi
  • putr (Sons) raajiv gaandhi aur sanjay gaandhi
  • putr vadhuan (Son-in-law) soniyaa gaandhi aur menkaa gaandhi
  • pautr (Grand sons) raahul gaandhi aur varun gaandhi
  • pautri (Grand daughter) priyankaa gaandhi

Indira Gandhi biography in hindi)
endiraa kaa janm desh ki svatantrtaa men yogdaan dene vaale motilaal neharu ke parivaar men huaa thaa. endiraa ke pitaa javaaharlaal ek sushikshit vakil aur bhaartiy svatantrtaa aandolan men sakriy sadasy the. vo nehruji ki eklauti santaan thi, endiraa apne pitaa ke baad dusri sarvaadhik kaarykaal ke lia kaaryarat rahne vaali prdhaanamantri hain. endiraa men bachapan se hi deshabhakti bhaavnaa thi, us samay bhaarat ke raashtrvaadi aandolan ki ek ranniti men videshi british utpaadon kaa bahishkaar karnaa bhi shaamil thaa. aur us chhoti si umr men, endiraa ne videshi vastuon ki holi jalte dekhi thi, jisse prerit hokar 5 varshiy endiraa ne bhi apni pyaari gudiyaa jalaane kaa phaislaa kiyaa, kyonki unki vah gudiyaa bhi englaind men banaai gayi thi.

endiraa gaandhi ne banaai thi vaanar senaa (Indira Gandhi Vanar Sena)

jab endiraa gaandhi 12 varsh ki thin, to unhonne kuchh bachchon ke saath vaanar senaa banaai aur uskaa netriatv kiyaa. eskaa naam bandar briged rakhaa gayaa thaa jo ki bandar senaa se prerit thaa, jisne mahaakaavy raamaayan men bhagvaan raam ki sahaaytaa ki thi. unhonne bachchon ke saath milakar bhaarat ki svatantrtaa ke sangharsh men mahatvpurn bhumikaa nibhaai thi. baad men es samuh men 60,000 yuvaa kraantikaariyon ko bhi shaamil kiyaa gayaa, jinhonne bahut se aam-logon ko sambodhit kiyaa, jhande banaaa, sandesh dia aur pradarshnon ke baare men jaankaari aam-jantaa tak pahuchaai. british shaasan ke hote hua ye sab karnaa ek jokhim bharaa upakram thaa, lekin endiraa svatantrtaa aandolan men bhaag lene se khush thi.

endiraa gaandhi ki shikshaa (Indira Gandhi education)

endiraa ne pune vishvavidyaalay se metrik paas kar diyaa aur pashchim bangaal men shaantiniketan se bhi thodi shikshaa haasil ki, eske baad vah svitjarlaind aur landan men someraville kalej,auksphord vishvavidyaalay men adhyayan karne gayi.

1936 men, unki maan kamlaa nehru tapedik se bimaar ho gayi thi, padhaai ke dinon men hi endiraa ne svitjarlaind men kuchh mahine apni bimaar maan ke saath bitaaye the, kamlaa ki mriatyu ke samay javaaharlaal nehru bhaartiy jel men the.

vivaah aur paarivaarik jivan (Marriage & Family Life)

endiraa jab endiyan neshanal kaangres ki sadasy bani, to unki mulaakaat phiroj gaandhi se hui. phiroj gaandhi tab ek patrkaar aur yuth kaangres ke mahatvpurn sadasy the. 1941 men apne pitaa ki asahamati ke baavjud bhi endiraa ne phiroj gaandhi se vivaah kar liyaa thaa. endiraa ne pahle raajiv gaandhi aur uske 2 saal baad sanjay gaandhi ko janm diyaa.

endiraa kaa vivaah phiroj gaandhi se jarur huaa thaa, lekin phiroj aur mahaatmaa gaandhi men koi rishtaa nahin thaa. phiroj unke saath svatantrtaa ke sangharsh men saath the, lekin vo paarsi the, jabaki endiraa hindu. aur us samay antarjaatiy vivaah etnaa aam nahin thaa. darasal, es jodi ko saarvajanik rup se pasand nahin kiyaa jaa rahaa thaa, aise men mahaatmaa gaandhi ne es jodi ko samarthan diyaa aur ye saarvajanik bayaan diyaa, jismen unkaa midiyaa se anurodh bhi shaamil thaa “main apmaanajanak patron ke lekhkon ko apne gusse ko kam karne ke lia es shaadi men aakar navayugal ko aashirvaad dene ke lia aamantrit kartaa hun” aur kahaa jaataa hain ki mahaatmaa gaandhi ne hi raajnitik chhavi banaaye rakhne ke lia phiroj aur endiraa ko gaandhi lagaane kaa sujhaav diyaa thaa.

svatantrtaa ke baad endiraa gaandhi ke pitaa javaahar laal neharu desh ke pahle prdhaanamantri bane the, tab endiraa apne pitaa ke saath dilli shipht ho gayi thi. unke donon bete unke saath lekin phiroj ne tab elaahbaad rukne kaa hi nirnay kiyaa thaa, kyonki phiroj tab di neshanal herald men editar kaa kam kar rahe the, es nyuj pepar ko motilaal neharu ne shuru kiyaa thaa.

indira ka raajnitik career (Political Career)

neharu parivaar vaise bhi bhaarat ke kendr sarkaar men mukhy parivaar the, esalia endiraa kaa raajniti men aanaa jyaadaa mushkil aur aashcharyajanak nahin thaa. unhonne bachapan se hi mahaatmaa gaandhi ko apne elaahaabaad vaale ghar men aate-jaate dekhaa thaa, esalia unki desh aur yahaan ki raajniti men ruchi thi.

1951-52 ke lokasbhaa chunaavon men endiraa gaandhi ne apne pati phiroj gaandhi ke lia bahut si chunaavi sabhaaan aayojit ki aur unke samarthan men chalne vaale chunaavi abhiyaan kaa netriatv kiyaa. us samay phiroj raayabreli se chunaav ld rahe the. jald hi phiroj sarkaar ke bhrashtaachaar ke viruddh bdaa chehraa ban gaye. unhonne bahut se bhrashtaachaar aur bhrashtaachaariyon kaa pardaa phaash kiyaa,jisme bimaa kampni aur vitt mantri titi kriashnaamchaari kaa naam shaamil thaa. vitt mantri ko tab javaahar laal neharu kaa karibi maanaa jaataa thaa.

es tarah phiroj raashtriy star ki raajniti ki mukhy dhaaraa men saamne aaye, aur apne thode se samarthkon ke saath unhonne kendr sarkaar ke saath apnaa sangharsh jaari rakhaa, lekin 8 sitambar 1960 ko phiroj ki hriadayghaat se mriatyu ho gayi.

kaangres president ke rup men endiraa (Indira as Congress President)

1959 men endiraa ko endiyan neshanal kaangres paarti kaa president chunaa gayaa thaa. vo javaahar laal neharu ki pramukh edvaaejar tim men shaamil thi. 27 mayi 1964 ko javaahar laal neharu ki mriatyu ke baad endiraa ne chunaav ldne kaa nishchay kiyaa aur vo jit bhi gayi. unhen laal bahaadur shaastri ki sarkaar men enphaarmeshan end braadkaasting mantraalay diyaa gayaa.

prdhaanamantri ke rup men pahli baar (First Term as Prime Minister of India)
11 janavri 1966 ko laal bahaadur shaastri ke taashakand men dehaant ke baad antarim chunaavon men unhonne bahumat se vijay haasil ki,aur prdhaanamantri kaa kaarybhaar sambhaalaa.

prdhaan mantri ke rup men unke kaarykaal ki sabse ullekhniy upalabdhiyaan prinsi pars ke unmulan ke lia prinsipal raajyon ke purv shaaskon aur chaar primiyam tel kampaniyon ke saath bhaarat ke chaudah sabse bade bainkon ke 1969 raashtriyakaran ke prastaavon ko paas karvaanaa thaa. unhonne desh men khaady saamagri ko dur karne men rachnaatmak kadam uthaaa aur desh ko parmaanu yug men 1974 men bhaarat ke pahle bhumigat visphot ke saath netriatv kiyaa.

bhaarat-pakistaan yuddh 1971 men endiraa gaandhi ki bhumikaa (Indo-Pakistan War in 1971)
vaastav men 1971 men endiraa ko bahut bade sankat kaa saamnaa karnaa padaa. yuddh ki shuruaat tab huyi thi,jab pashchim paakistaan ki senaaan apni svatantrtaa aandolan ko kuchalne ke lia bangaali purvi paakistaan men gin. unhonne 31 maarch ko bhayaanak hinsaa ke khilaaph baat ki, lekin pratirodh jaari rahaa aur laakhon sharnaarthiyon ne padosi desh bhaarat men prvesh karnaa shuru kar diyaa.

en sharnaarthiyon ki dekhbhaal men bhaarat men sansaadhnon kaa sankat hone lagaa, es kaaran desh ke bhitar bhi tanaav kaaphi badh gayaa. haalaanki bhaarat ne vahaan ke lia sangharsharat svatantrtaa senaaniyon kaa samarthan kiyaa. sthiti tab aur bhi jatil ho gayi, jab amerikaa ke raashtrapati richard niksan ne chaahaa, ki sanyukt raajy amerikaa paakistaan ke paksh men khdaa ho, jabaki edhar chin pahle se paakistaan ko hathiyaar de rahaa thaa, aur bhaarat ne soviyat sangh ke saath “shaanti, dosti aur sahyog ki sandhi” par hastaakshar kia the.

pashchimi paakistaan ki senaa ne purvi paakistaan men aam-jan par atychaar karne shuru kar dia, jinmen hinduon ko mukhy rup se lakshit kiyaa gayaa, natijatan, lagabhag 10 miliyan purv paakistaani naagarik desh se bhaag gaye aur bhaarat men sharan maangi. bhaari sankhyaa men sharnaarthi hone ki sthiti ne endiraa gaandhi ko pashchimi paakistaan ke khilaaph aajaami lig ke svatantrtaa ke sangharsh ko samarthan dene ke lia prerit kiyaa.

bhaarat ne sainy sahaaytaa prdaan ki aur pashchim paakistaan ke khilaaph ladne ke lia sainikon ko bhi bhejaa. 3 disambar ko paakistaan ne jab bhaarat ke bes par bambaari ki tab yuddh shuru huaa, tab endiraa ne baanglaadesh ki svatantrtaa ke mahatv ko samjhaa,aur vahaan ke svatantrtaa senaaniyon ko sharan dene evan baanglaadesh ke nirmaan ko samarthan dene ki ghoshnaa ki. 9 disambar ko niksan ne yuas ke jalpoton ko bhaarat ki taraph ravaanaa karne kaa aadesh diyaa, lekin 16 disambar ko paakistaan ne aatm-samarpan kar diyaa.

antat:16 disambar 1971 ko dhaakaa men pashchimi paakistaan banaam purvi paakistaan kaa yuddh samaapt huaa. pashchimi paakistaani sashastr bal ne bhaarat ke saamne aatmasamarpan ke kaagjon par hastaakshar kia, jisse ek naye desh kaa janm huaa, jiskaa naam baanglaadesh rakhaa gayaa. paakistaan ke khilaaph 1971 ke yuddh men bhaarat ki jit ne endiraa gaandhi ki lokapriytaa ko ek chatur raajnitik netaa ke rup men pahchaan dilaai. es yuddh men paakistaan kaa ghutne teknaa naa keval baanglaadesh aur bhaarat ke lia, balki endiraa ke lia bhi ek jit thi. es kaaran hi yuddh ki samaapti ke baad endiraa ne ghoshnaa ki ki main aisi ensaan nahin hun, jo kisi bhi dabaav men kaam kare, phir chaahe koi vyakti ho yaa koi desh.

aapaatkaal laagu karnaa (Imposition of Emergency)

1975 men, vipakshi dalon aur saamaajik kaaryakartaaon ne badhti mudraasphiti, arthavyavasthaa ki kharaab sthiti aur aniyantrit bhrashtaachaar par endiraa gaandhi ki aguvaai vaali kendr sarkaar ke khilaaph bahut pradarshan kiyaa.

usi varsh, elaahaabaad uchch nyaayaalay ne phaislaa sunaayaa, ki endiraa gaandhi ne pichhle chunaav ke dauraan avaidh tarike kaa estemaal kiyaa thaa aur maujudaa raajnitik paristhiyon men es baat ne aag kaa kaam kiyaa. es phaisle men endiraa ko turant apni sit khaali karne kaa aadesh diyaa gayaa. es kaaran logon men unke prati krodh bhi bdh gayaa. shrimti gaandhi ne 26 jun, 1975 ke din estiphaa dene ke bajaay “desh men ashaant raajnitik sthiti ke kaaran” aapaatkaal ghoshit kar diyaa.

aapaatkaal ke dauraan unhonne apne sabhi raajnitik dushmnon ko kaid karvaa diyaa, us samay naagarikon ke sanvaidhaanik adhikaaron ko radd kar diyaa gayaa, aur pres ko bhi sakht sensaraship ke tahat rakhaa gayaa thaa. gaandhivaadi samaajvaadi jayaa prkaash naaraayan aur unke samarthkon ne bhaartiy samaaj ko badalne ke lia ‘kul ahinsak kraanti’ men chhaatron, kisaanon aur shram sangathnon ko ekajut karne ki maang ki. baad men naaraayan ko bhi giraphtaar kar liyaa gayaa aur jel bhejaa diyaa gayaa.

1977 ke praarambh men aapaatkaal ko hataate hua endiraa ne chunaavon ki ghoshnaa ki, us samay jantaa ne apaatkaal aur nasabandi abhiyaan ke badle men endiraa kaa samarthan nahin kiyaa.

sattaa kaa chhinnaa aur vipaksh ki bhumikaa men aanaa

maanaa jaataa hain ki aapaat sthiti ke dauraan, unke chhote bete sanjay gaandhi ne desh ko purn adhikaar ke saath chalaane ki koshish ki aur jhopadapatti ke gharon ko sakhti se hataane kaa aadesh diyaa, aur ek behad alokapriy nasabandi kaaryakram ne endiraa ko vipaksh men kar diyaa thaa. lekin phir bhi 1977 men, endiraa ne aatmavishvaas se kahaa, ki unhonne vipaksh ko tod diyaa hai, unhonne chunaav ki maang ki. moraarji desaai aur jay prkaash naaraayan ke netriatv men ubharte jantaa dal gathabandhan ne unhen haraayaa thaa. pichhli lokasbhaa men 350 siton ki tulnaa men kaangres keval 153 lokasbhaa siten jitne men kaamyaab rahi.

prdhaanamantri ke rup men dusraa kaarykaal (Second Term as Prime Minister of India)

jantaa paarti ke sahyogiyon ke madhy ke aantarik sangharsh kaa endiraa ne phaaydaa uthaayaa thaa. us dauraan endiraa gaandhi ko sansad se nishkaasit karne ke pryaas men, jantaa paarti ki sarkaar ne unhen giraphtaar karne kaa aadesh de diyaa thaa. haalaanki, unki ye ranniti un logon ke lia vinaashkaari siddh rahi aur esse endiraa gaandhi ko sahaanubhuti mili. aur aakhir men 1980 ke chunaavon men, kaangres ek vishaal bahumat ke saath sattaa men laut aai aur endiraa gaandhi ek baar phir bhaarat ke prdhaan mantri ban gayi. vaastav men jantaa paarti us samay sthir avasthaa men bhi nahin thi,jiskaa puraa phaaydaa kaangres aur endiraa ko milaa thaa.Indira Gandhi biography in hindi)

1981 ke sitambar mahine men ek sikh aatankvaadi samuh “khaalistaan” ki maang kar rahaa thaa,aur esi aatankvaadi samuh ne amriatasar ke svarn mandir parisar men prvesh kiyaa thaa. mandir parisar men hajaaron naagarikon ki upasthiti ke baavjud, endiraa gaandhi ne senaa ko aupreshan blu staar karne ke lia pavitr mandir men jaane kaa aadesh de diyaa. senaa ne taink aur bhaari topkhaane kaa sahaaraa liyaa,

Indira Gandhi biography in hindi)

haalaanki sarkaar ne es tarah aatankvaadi khatre ko kam karne ki baat ki thi, lekin esse kayi nirdosh naagarikon kaa jivan chhin gayaa. es aupreshan ko bhaartiy raajnitik etihaas men ek advitiy traasdi ke rup men dekhaa gayaa thaa. hamle ke prbhaav ne desh men saamprdaayik tanaav men vriaddhi ki. kayi sikhon ne virodh men sashastr aur naagarik prshaasanik kaaryaalay se estiphaa de diyaa aur kuchh ne apne sarkaari puraskaar bhi vaapas lautaa dia. es pure ghatnaakram se taatkaalik paristhityon men endiraa gaandhi ki raajnitik chhavi bhi kharaab ho gayi thi.

endiraa gaandhi hatyaa (Assassination)

31 aktubar 1984 ko gaandhi ke badigaard satavant sinh aur bint sinh ne savarn mandir men hua narasanhaar ke badle men kul 31 bulet maarakar endiraa gaandhi ki hatyaa kar di. ye ghatnaa saphadaraganj rod nayi dilli men hui thi.

endiraa gaandhi se judi rochak baaten

ye maanaa jaataa hain ki endiraa gaandhi apni emej banaaa rakhne par kaaphi dhyaan deti thi. 1965 ke dauraan bhaarat-paakistaan ke yudhd ke samay vo shrinagar men chhuttiyaan manaa rahi thi. surakshaa adhikaari ke ye bataane par ki paakistaan unke hotal ke kaaphi karib aa gaye hain, vo ye jaanne ke baavjud bhi vo vahi ruki rahi. gaandhi ne vahaan se hatne se manaa kar diyaa, es baat ne raashtriy aur antarraashtriy midiyaa kaa dhyaan khichaa, jisse vishv patal par unki pahchaan vo bhaarat ki sashakt mahilaa ke rup men bani.

kethrin phraink ne apni kitaab “di laaeph auf endiraa neharu gaandhi” men likhaa hain ki endiraa kaa pahlaa pyaar shaanti niketan men unke jarman tichar the, uske baad javaahar laal neharu ke sekretri em.o.mathaai ( O. Mathai) se unke nikat-sambandh rahe. uske baad unkaa naam yog ke adhyaapak dhirendr brahmchaari aur aakhir men kaangres netaa dinesh sinh ke saath bhi jodaa gayaa. lekin en sabse bhi endiraa ke virodhi unki raajnitik chhavi ko nuksaan nahi pahunchaa sake

,aur unke aage badhne kaa maarg nahi rok sake.
1980 men sanjay ki plen kraish men mriatyu ke baad gaandhi parivaar men tanaav bdh gayaa thaa aur 1982 tak aate aate endiraa aur menkaa gaandhi ke madhy kadvaahat kaaphi bdh gayi. es kaaran endiraa ne menkaa ko ghar chhodne kaa kah diyaa, lekin menkaa ne bhi baig ke saath apne ghar chhodakar jaate samay ki photo midiyaa men de di. aur jantaa ke samaane ye ghoshnaa bhi ki, unhen nahin pataa ki unhen ghar se kyon nikaalaa jaa rahaa hain. vo apni maan se bhi jyaadaa apni saas endiraa ko maanti rahi hain. menkaa apne saath apnaa putr varun bhi lekar gayi thi aur endiraa ke lia apne pote se dur honaa kaaphi mushkil rahaa thaa.

Indira Gandhi biography in hindi

20 vi shataabdi men mahilaa netaaon ki sankhyaa kam thi, jinmen endiraa kaa naam shaamil thaa. lekin phir bhi endiraa ki ek mitr thi maargret thaichar. ye donon 1976 men mili thi. aur ye jaante hua bhi ki endiraa par aapatkaal ke dauraan taanaashaahi kaa eljaam hain aur vo aglaa chunaav haar gayi hain,

maargret ne endiraa kaa saath nahi chhodaa. briten ki prdhaanamantri maargret thaichar endiraa ki samasyaaon ko achchhe se samajhti thi. thaichar bhi endiraa ki tarah hi bahaadur evan sashakt prdhaanamantri thi, jiskaa andaajaa es baat se lagaayaa jaa saktaa hain ki aatanki hamle ki aashankaa hote hua bhi vo endiraa ke antim-sanskaar men aai thi. unhonne endiraa ki aasaamayik mriatyu par raajiv ko sanvedanshil patr bhi likhaa thaa.

endiraa ke prdhaanamantri banne par kaangres men hi ek varg thaa, jo kisi mahilaa ke haath men shakti ko bardaasht nahin kar saktaa thaa, phir bhi endiraa ne aise sabhi vyaktiyon aur paaramparik soch ke kaaran raajniti men aane vaali samast baadhaaon kaa datakar saamnaa kiyaa.

endiraa ne desh men kriashi ke kshetr men kaaphi saraahniy kaam kiye the, eske lia unhonne bahut si nayi yojnaaan banaai aur kriashi sambandhit kaaryakram aayojit kia. esmen vividh phaslen ugaanaa aur khaadhy saamagri ko niryaat karnaa jaise mukhy uddeshy shaamil the. unkaa lakshy desh men rojgaar sambandhit samasyaa ko kam karnaa aur anaaj utpaadan men aatm-nirbhar bannaa thaa. en sabse hi harit-kraanti ki shuruaat hui thi.

endiraa gaandhi ne bhaarat ko aarthik aur audyogik saksham raashtr banaayaa thaa, eske alaavaa unke kaarykaal men hi vijyaan aur risarch men bhi bhaarat ne bahut pragati ki thi. us dauraan hi pahli baar ek bhaartiy ne chaand par kadam rakhaa thaa,jo ki desh ke lia kaaphi garv kaa vishay thaa.

endiraa gaandhi ke naam par dharohar

nayi dilli men unke ghar ko myujiyam banaayaa gayaa hain, jise endiraa gaandhi memoriyal myujiyam ke naam se jaanaa jaataa hain. eske alaavaa unke naam par medikal kalej aur haspital bhi hain.

bahut si yunivarsiti jaise endiraa gaandhi neshanal opan yunivarsiti (egnu), endiraa gaandhi neshanal traaebal yunivarsiti (amarakantak), endiraa gaandhi teknikal yunivarsiti phar vimen, endiraa gaandhi kriashi vishvavidyaalay (raayapur) hain. endiraa gaandhi enstityut auf devalapment risarch(mumbaayi), endiraa gaandhi enstityut auf teknolaji, endiraa gaandhi trening kalej, endiraa gaandhi enstityut auf medikal saaens, endiraa gaandhi enstityut auf dental saaens etyaadi kayi shaikshik sansthaaan hain.

desh ki raajdhaani dilli ke entarneshanal earport kaa naam bhi endiraa gaandhi entarneshanal earport hain. desh kaa sabse mashhur samudri brij pamban brij kaa naam bhi endiraa gaandhi rod brij hain. eske alaavaa desh bhar ke kayi shahron men bahut si sadkon aur chauraahon kaa naam bhi unke naam par hain.

endiraa gaandhi ke avaards (Awards)

endiraa gaandhi ko 1971 men bhaarat ratn se sammaanit kiyaa gayaa thaa. 1972 men unhen baanglaadesh ko aajaad karvaane ke lia meksikan avaard se navaajaa gayaa. phir 1973 men sekand enual medal ephao (2nd Annual Medal, FAO) aur 1976 men naagri prchaarini sabhaa dvaaraa hindi men saahity vaachaspati kaa avaard diyaa gayaa.

endiraa ko 1953 men yuasaaye men madars avaard bhi diyaa gayaa, eske alaavaa diplomesi ke saath behatar kaary karne ke lia esalbelaa di’aste avaard auf etli (Islbella d’Este Award of Italy) milaa. unhen yel yunivarsiti ke holaind memoriyal praaej se bhi sammaanit gayaa.

1967 aur 1968 men phrench enstityut auph pablik opiniyan ke pol (Poll) ke anusaar vo phrench logon dvaaraa sabse jyaadaa pasand ki jaane vaali mahilaa raajnetaa thi.

1971 men yuasaaye ke vishesh gelap pol sarve (Gallup Poll Survey ) ke anusaar vo duniyaa ki sabse jyaadaa sammaaniy mahilaa thi. esi varsh jaanavron ki rakshaa ke lia arjentaaen sosaaeti ne unhen diplomaa auf aunar se bhi sammaanit kiyaa.

endiraa gaandhi kaa jivan vishv men bhaarat ki mahilaa ko ek sashakt mahilaa ke rup men pahchaan dilaane vaalaa rahaa hain. haalaanki unke vyaktitv ko do pakshon se samjhaa jaataa rahaa hain aur unke samarthkon ke saath hi virodhiyon ki bhi sankhyaa kaaphi hain. unke lia gaye kayi raajnitik aur saamaajik phaisle bhi aksar charchaa kaa vishay bane rahte hain lekin es baat se enkaar nahin kiyaa jaa saktaa ki endiraa gaandhi ke kaarykaal men bhaarat ne vikaas ke kayi aayaam sthaapit kiye the,aur unhonne vishv patal par bhaarat ki chhavi ko badalakar rakh diyaa thaa.

endiraa aur phiroj kaa rishtaa kaisaa thaa

Indira Gandhi biography in hindi) endiraa gaandhi ki baayograaphi men hamen likhaa huaa miltaa hai ki endiraa aur phiroj kaa rishtaa kaaphi achchhaa nahin thaa. unke matbhed etne badh gaye the ki endiraa aur phiroj alag rahne lag gaye the. yahaan tak ki phiroj ek muslim mahilaa ke pyaar men bhi pad gaye the. us samay endiraa dusri baar garbhavti thi. lekin phiroj ke antim samay men endiraa unke kaaphi najdik thi aur donon kaa rishtaa ladte-jhagadte gujraa. unke raajnaitik matbhed ke baaren men anek jaghon env kitaabon men likhaa huaa miltaa hai.Indira Gandhi biography in hindi)

Leave a Comment